Chief Officer’s Guidebook

Chief DiDomenico

June 2023

Active Shooting / Snipers

Hot Zone

No FDNY personnel shall enter or operate in the hot zone.

Warm Zone

The warm zone is the area that has been searched by law enforcement. FDNY may be deployed as per the following:

  1. Must be requested by NYPD for Life Saving Intervention
  2. FDNY briefed before entry and escorted by NYPD personnel
  3. Must be approved by deputy chief unless NYPD IC requests entry for immediate life-saving, in which case an on-scene battalion chief may approve
  4. FDNY staff chief immediately notified of active shooter incident

Cold Zone

The cold zone is where the command post, operations post, and staging area should be established.

Incident Command

In general, an active shooter incident is NYPD single command. If there’s fire and/or smoke, it is a unified command. Assign EMS resources in cold zone for triage-transfer points, treatment areas for yellow & green, and medical transport corridors.

Interagency Rescue Task Force — Lifesaving Treatment in Warm Zone:

  1. Initial RTF comprises six FDNY members (BLS and CFR engine) and NYPD protection
  2. Additional RTF: EMT & CFR and ladder companies for patient removal
  3. RTF only bring tourniquets, occlusive dressing, tags, skeds

Airport Operations

All Responding Chiefs

  1. Activate 800 MHZ radio- ensure you are on Channel 6B: FDOPS
    • Consider activating the Portable 800 MHZ radios
  2. Activate cellular phones

Resource Unit Leader

Deputy Chief

Communications To and From Command Post

  1. 800 MHZ
  2. Department radio through the Queens dispatcher
  3. PA radio to PA liaison at the staging area
  4. Possibly via post radios
  5. Consider cell phones

All requests for additional assistance to the Command Post require PAPD escort from Staging to FDNY Command Post.

Water Supply


A Sector
between nose of aircraft + left wing
B Sector
between nose of aircraft + right wing
C Sector
between right wing + rear of plane
D Sector
between rear of plane + left wing

Search & Rescue Operations

Air Recon Chief

Responding/Initial Ops

While responding to mobilization point, obtain from dispatcher:

  1. Progress report
  2. HT channels in use
  3. Sector locations and designations (if appropriate)
  4. Incident summary via MDT

At the mobilization point:

  1. Give 10-84
  2. Notify dispatcher of NYPD arrival if not at Floyd Bennett Field
  3. Bring with you into helicopter:
    • Air Recon instruction card
    • Binoculars
    • NYC map
    • Flashlight
    • Battalion UHF HT
    • Battalion VHF HT


Provide incident command with following info:


Apparatus Collision Investigation

General Information

-Collision reports submitted to Safety for ALL collisions AND incidents via iPad CRS App or desktop application.

-Collision reports submitted by Officer/Vehicle operator within 48 hours of apparatus collision/incident.

-Police report obtained by Officer/Vehicle operator and uploaded to CRS using desktop app.

-Investigative Report submitted by Chief Officer assigned to investigate the collision/incident.

-MV 104 still needs to be completed by vehicle operator and sent to Albany.

Involved In Accident

-Give dispatcher assigned Unit number.

-Give location of collision/incident.

-Request additional assistance if necessary.

-Indicate whether responding or returning from alarm or other admin duties.

-Advise number and type of injuries if any.


-Vehicle related occurrence that is not a collision:



Asbestos is hazardous if it breaks and is then inhaled or ingested.

  1. Transmit 10-80, specify asbestos
  2. Minimize commitment of members
  3. Use of SCBA is mandatory until decontamination
  4. Gently wet the asbestos material using fog or spray to prevent fibers from becoming airborne
  5. Limit overhaul in the suspected area
  6. Separate firefighters that were exposed and prevent cross contamination
  7. SCBA must be used until members are deconned or washed down
  8. Conduct testing as indicated below
  9. Use decontamination procedures if appropriate

Determining Presence

NYC DEP determines whether asbestos is present.

AUC 202

Carbon Monoxide

Symptoms of CO poisoning:

headache, fatigue, nausea, dizziness, confusion
drowsy, vomit, unconscious
seizure, coma, death

Initial Actions

If anyone presents symptoms:

  1. Immediately evacuate the affected area
  2. Ventilate
  3. EMS response
  4. Utility response

Use the CO meter

  1. Front door reading
  2. Find the source—gas burners likely
  3. Consider the exposures

Call for utility company if:

  1. Symptoms
  2. Over 9 ppm
  3. Gas appliance is shut
  4. Incident command deems necessary

Members to use SCBA when over 9 ppm or symptoms

Consider need for CFRD units, EMS units, Haz Mat units


Code 1

Investigation, 0 ppm

  1. Inform occupant—no elevated reading
  2. Attempt to reset detector
  3. Advise to call 911 if detector activates
  4. Leave windows open
Code 2

Incident, 1-9 ppm

  1. Inform occupant—potentially dangerous level
  2. Recommend all occupants leave affected area
  3. Utility/ EMS response (inform occupant)
  4. Ventilate
  5. Shut malfunctioning appliance
  6. Reoccupy when CO 9ppm or less
  7. Attempt to reset detector
  8. Advise to call 911 if detector activates
Code 3

Emergency, 10 ppm or more, or symptoms

  • Same as code 2, and advise potentially lethal levels
Code 4

No detector activated, specify conditions

  • Have dispatcher notify BFI if any serious injuries or fatalities so they can track these victims.

Collapse Operations

6 sided survey / building type / stability status / floor(s) / life / fire / gas smell & sounds / electric arcing / water

Preliminary report

Collapse Rescue Plan

As per Chief Dunn’s revised book:

  1. Secure the area and have PD restrict access
  2. Survey for
    • Victims
    • Void access
    • Secondary collapse
    • Fire spread
  3. Eliminate vibrations from trains, construction
  4. Establish a collapse zone
  5. Cut off utilities: gas first, electric, and water
  6. Immediate rescue of surface victims, (survivor interviews)
  7. Explore accessible voids by calling, listening, looking
  8. Time-Out: withdraw firefighters, reevaluate safety, utilities, victim locations
  9. Rescue and SOC Support Ladder only:
    • Selected debris removal: tunnel and trench
    • General debris removal

Chief Assignments

Consider special calling:

Consider use of special units tools:

Collapse Survivor Interview

  1. Was anyone else in the building or area?
  2. How many—description, age, sex, clothing?
  3. Where were they before (collapse)—describe the area
  4. Did you see or hear them after?
  5. Was there any warning of the collapse?
  6. How did you get out?

10-60 Signal Major Emergency Response

Time-Out To Reevaluate

Selected Debris Removal

General Debris Removal

Deputy Chief Concerns

Compressed Natural Gas Vehicles

Operations At Incidents

Confined Space Operations

Ensure necessary response (confined space matrix)


Control / remove the hazards

Formulate the rescue plan

Operational Concerns


Atmospheres must be continually monitored to ensure

Medical Concerns

Decontamination Procedures

Joint FD/EMS Operations

EMS to report to FDNY IC when FD arrives first. EMS is in charge of all medical control including;

When questions arise regarding the level of protective equipment needed, consult the highest level of medical certification present.

Fire branch ranking officer is the incident command and is responsible for all decisions except medical matters, including:

  1. On scene safety for patient, firefighters, EMS
  2. Decision to continue search if no patient
  3. Decision to terminate search
  4. Decision to force entry
  5. Consult with and be guided by the highest level provider that first establishes patient contact for patient care decisions

Exception to the above: FDNY-EMS is responsible for coordination of prehospital resources if:

Communicating With EMS

Incident Commander Needs EMS Resources, EMS not on scene or unable to locate:

  1. Attempt to contact via HT Channel 1
  2. Relay message through FD Dispatcher with full particulars
  3. UHF Radio in BC/DC vehicle to contact EMS CW 1 (Plain Speak Language) Can also utilize DARS Radio, EMS Zone, Channel 1 (EMS CW 1)

Explosives / Incendiary Devices

Incident command is NYPD at a bomb threat, unified command at an explosion

Terrorist Activity Suspected

Prepare suspicious activity report, return to quarters, go to diamond plate to report

Clandestine Labs Suspected

Discovery of Firearms, Ammunition, or Incendiary Devices

Incident Command Actions at Suspected / Confirmed Incidents

Suspected Device—No PD on Arrival

Suspected Device—PD on Scene

Follow guidelines above. Have the following units standby: 1 Engine, 1 Ladder, 1 BC, EMS conditions officer & BLS ambulance.

Confirmed Explosive Device

Post Detonation Operations

At point of impact, identify those most critically injured. Remove critical to the triage transfer point via skeds. Use tourniquets or airway management at point of impact. Red tags go directly to transportation sector. Orange, yellow, green tags go to treatment Areas.

First engine establishes water supply, stretches 2 ½” line, [Triage Skeds], Second engine assists in triage, skeds, officer at triage transfer until BC arrives

First ladder brings victims from POI to triage / transfer point second ladder brings triage transfer point to treatment or transportation

Battalion chief assignments:

Energized Electrical Equipment


Safe distance to overhead electric carrying high voltage:

  1. 345,000 volts: 18 feet
  2. 15,000—38,000 volts: 10 feet

Fires at substations:

Water Use on Energized Electrical Equipment


Primary means is the tower ladder:

Safe distances for selected streams and voltages:

30 Degree or Greater Fog - 15’ (138 kV) or 25’ (345kV)
Straight And Less Than 30° Fog - 75’ (13) kV or 125’ (345kV)

Overhead Electric Utility Fires

– Generally, the higher equipment is mounted on pole, the more dangerous it is. - Exception is aerial cable, which is usually mounted below secondary electric cable. - Each pole should be badged or numbered, with poles carrying high voltage labeled with highest voltage carried. Transmit pole numbers to dispatcher to facilitate utility company response. - Primary cable (4,000 kv to 33,000 kv) is uninsulated, contact is not necessary for electrocution. - Secondary cable (Low Voltage consisting of 120/208-240 v.), normally insulated but could be compromised due to age/weather/damage. - Primary Aerial Cable (High Voltages range from 4,000 kv to 33,000 kv.). These cables run just below secondary wires.

 - Insulated however frequently found compromised. 
 - Aerial Cable is suspended on a steel line with rings or saddles every 1.5 feet.
 - Aerial Cable can look similar to some phone and cable TV lines and has splice boxes which appear similar to phone splice boxes.

General Procedures

  • When possible, apparatus should be positioned outside of the established Safety Area. This safety area should be a minimum of 2 utility poles in each direction.

  • Notification to Electric Utility to respond.

  • Person Trapped: If wires are down on an occupied vehicle, or wires down are in any way causing a civilian to be trapped or human life to be in danger, request an Engine Company, Ladder Company, Rescue Company and Battalion Chief to respond.

    • BC shall contact the Utility Electric Control Center by cell phone and order immediate power removal and priority response.
  • Secondary Wire Fire (including service line, cable TV, or phone wires.

    • At the discretion of a BC, a handline may be stretched and operated to attempt extinguishment.
    • 25’ minimum distance from nozzle to fire.
    • 30° or greater fog stream, operated high in air above fire to “rain down” on fire.
  • Primary Cable or Primary Aerial Cable Fire

    • It is preferred to await electric utility before attempting extinguishment.
    • BC can consider Purple K, however the reach of a Purple K stream may require the firefighter to be too close to the high voltage wire to be both effective and safe. Always anticipate the wire or pole will fall.
  • Pole Mounted Transformer Fire

    • Application of water to a transformer fire should be avoided as an initial tactic.
    • Transmit the 10-86 signal (for Purple K, F500 and Foam Response).
    • Purple K may be effective in this case but only if BC determines it can be applied from a safe area. Frequently the reach of a Purple K stream requires the firefighter to be too close to be both effective and safe. Always anticipate the wire or pole will fall. Purple K is the only agent recommended to be used directly on the transformer fire PRIOR to utility arrival.
    • Water application to exposures as necessary.
    • Treat as a HazMat incident and establish Hot, Warm and Cold Zones in anticipation of PCB laden oil spray during firefighting operations.
    • Consult with Haz Mat Battalion to coordinate decontamination. ## AMI Electric Meters
  • An FDNY Incident Commander may request remote power removal through the FD borough dispatcher via department radio to remove power to an individual building or to Geo-fence a larger area.

    • The IC will identify the building address (in case of a single building request) or the perimeters of a larger area (for a geo-fence request).
  • Remote power shut off may be advantageous to reduce or eliminate ignition sources during major gas emergencies, illegal drug manufacturing, building collapse or post explosion operations.

    • Remote AMI meter shut off will produce an arc at the meter when power is remotely disrupted and may cause generators, battery back-up burglar alarms, battery back-up hardwired smoke detectors and uninterrupted power supply units for electronics to create small arcs when they transfer from electric power. This can trigger an ignition and / or an explosion.

      • Ensure that any power removal done in an explosive atmosphere adheres to the power removal procedures in Emergency Procedures Natural Gas section 9.2.2. ## Con Ed 460 Vaults (Inside Building) ### Identification
  • Heavy Duty Industrial Fireproof Door usually with a latching mechanism and brass padlock.

  • Steel louvered doors with a latching mechanism and brass padlock may be used as exterior doors to the vault (will not be found on the interior).

  • Brass ID tags with raised numbers should be mounted on the door. Should be present on both the vault main entry door and any secondary exit door from the vault.

    • Tags beginning with the letter “V” are the vault ID numbers. If there are multiple brass tags that begin with “V”, that indicates that multiple vault rooms are connected behind the door.
    • Brass tags located next to the letters “FDR” identify the electric feeder that supplies power to the vault. This is used by the utility to identify what feeder to cut to remove power to the unit.
    • Warning signs should be posted on the door to any 460 vault. ### Ventilation
  • All 460 vaults must be vented to the outside of the building. Vaults on upper floors will have louvered vents on the exterior skin of the building. Those below grade will have sidewalk grates near the exterior wall. In most cases the transformer will be directly below the sidewalk grate. ### Operations

  • Members should avoid forcing entry to these vaults during initial operations.

  • If vault is involved in fire or emergency, notify Con Ed to respond via the dispatcher in addition to battalion cell phone (# on vault door or electric control center number).

    • If there is a feeder cable identification number on the door, and the fire is presenting a life hazard, the IC should notify Con Ed electric control center and order the feeder cable de-energized.
  • Members should not enter any 460 vaults, including during fire operations, until an ON SCENE Con Ed employee has verified that power has been cut to the vault.

  • Meter the building outside of the vault and evacuate as necessary.

  • Extension from the vault is generally unlikely due to the fireproof construction of the vault.

  • Transmit signal 10-86 (For Purple K, F-500 and foam response). In addition consider transmitting signal 10-75, 10-76 or 10-77 for resources to handle fire extension, smoke and evacuation of the building.

  • Take note of location of HVAC intakes on the exterior skin of the building. Consult building engineers and if intake is in proximity to or above grates or louvered vents, order HVAC shut down.

  • Order Of Preference for Extinguishment

  • Operate Purple K on the fire if safe to do so without entering a 460 vault. Can be used directly on electrical equipment prior to utility arrival only if it can be done without members entering the vault. Standoff distance is 10 feet.

  • The following tactics are for after consultation with an ON SCENE Con Ed rep AND after power removal has been verified. ALL of these tactics require minimum standoff distance of 25’ and MUST be delivered in a 30 degree or greater fog stream.

    • Application of F500. (Carried by HM1, preferred agent for transformer fire).
    • Application of Foam.
    • Application of Water Spray.
  • Consult with HM Battalion for decontamination procedures.

Con Edison Communications

Code 1
Extended from street into a building
Code 2
Blown manhole covers / smoke issuing under pressure
Code 3
Smoke seeping from manhole
Code 4
Fire or smoke from transformer at any location

For additional help, Battalion Chief can call Con Ed shift manager directly. Phone numbers are pre-programmed into all chiefs’ cell phones.

Consider calling the Con Ed shift manager if:

  1. Con Ed ETA is not satisfactory. Call to clarify the condition
  2. If conditions worsen (fire more severe, more manholes)
    • Call Con Ed with an updated report
    • Explain the need for a priority response
    • Transmit an updated progress report to dispatcher
  3. Technical info is required to assist with tactics
  4. Dangerous CO in surrounding properties
  5. Transformer fire affecting several occupancies
  6. Sensitive or high profile occupancy

At a Con Ed substation incident that is not staffed by Con Ed, contact the Con Ed substation shift manager at 212 460-3848. Contact OEM for assistance if the condition affects a large area. # Foam Operations


Satellites 2000 gpm pumpers have:

Foam Tankers

Foam Tankers have:

Tanker need not be running or in pumps. Dedicated engine supplies tanker with water at 200 psi at tanker inlet. Can simultaneously provide concentrate to a portable FIMM.

Foam Tender

Foam Tender has:

Marine Companies

Two large fireboats each carry 3300 gallons of concentrate. They have foam nozzles that can be used on handlines & boat monitors.

Strategy for Foam Incidents

First Downwind & Downhill

  • Take explosive readings—Haz Mat, rescue, squad, Haz-Mat tech unit
  • Evacuate as per DOT guidebook
  • Attack options: handlines, tower ladder, satellite

Foam Application

  • Fresh or salt water okay
  • AR-AFFF gives good stable blanket
  • AR-AFFF is freeze/thaw stable: if product is frozen, upon thawing, there is no performance loss
  • Can be used side by side with other foam products at same fire
  • Must have enough concentrate before starting operation
  • Apply foam at closest point, continue to apply projecting the blanket further away
  • Dry chem compatible—can use to extinguish spot fires around edges
  • Dry chem must be used to extinguish three-dimensional burning fire if fire is dripping down
  • Reapply foam to maintain foam blanket if:
    • members working in blanket
    • AFFF used for original blanket by PAPD for crash

Prior to and throughout entry, apply foam blanket. Check often. Foam blanket entry requirements:

  • Only for trapped or injured
  • Need additional foam to maintain blanket
  • Foam handline prepared to operate and cover exposed area

Fire in Confined Area (tank or pit)

Spill Contained and Not Flowing

Spill Flowing

JFK & LGA Airport Crashes

Tank Truck Leak

If the leak is near bottom and there is room at the top of the tank and product has specific gravity that is less than 1, consider adding water to tank top, which will settle near bottom and you will have just a water leak.

Tank Truck Rollover With Leak

Tank Truck Accident With Fire

Tank Truck Rollover With Fire

Hi-Ex Operations: Confined, Class A Fire

(50’x 100’ area w 10’ ceiling = 50,000 cubic ft.

50,000 / 5 = 10,000 cfm needed)

Water Supply

(can also be placed at generator)

Generator & Chute Placement

Entry into Hi-Ex foam area requires:

Bulk Oil Tank Fire:

Bulk Oil Tank Exposure Concerns

Tank Applications

Selected flow requirements for solution and concentration
Tank Diameter Square Footage 3% w/ Solution 6% w/ Solution 3% w/ Concentrate 6% w/ Concentrate
30’ 707 113 GPM 141 GPM 3.4 GPM 8.5 GPM
50’ 1963 314 GPM 392 GPM 9.4 GPM 23.6 GPM
70’ 3847 615 GPM 769 GPM 18.5 GPM 46.2 GPM
80’ 5024 803 GPM 1004 GPM 24.1 GPM 60.3 GPM
100’ 7850 1256 GPM 1570 GPM 37.7 GPM 94.2 GPM
115’ 10382 1661 GPM 2076 GPM 49.8 GPM 124.6 GPM
135’ 14307 2289 GPM 2861 GPM 68.7 GPM 171.7 GPM
150’ 17663 2826 GPM 3539 GPM 84.8 GPM 212.0 GPM
200’ 31400 5024 GPM 6280 GPM 150.7 GPM 376.8 GPM
Total concentrate required
Tank Diameter 3% for 30 min %6 for 30 min 3% for 60 min 6% for 60 min
30’ 102 gal 255 gal 220 gal 551 gal
50’ 282 gal 708 gal 612 gal 1536 gal
70’ 555 gal 1386 gal 1200 gal 3000 gal
80’ 723 gal 1809 gal 1567 gal 3949 gal
100’ 1131 gal 2826 gal 2450 gal 6423 gal
115’ 1494 gal 3738 gal 3239 gal 8098 gal
135’ 2061 gal 5151 gal 4464 gal 11168 gal
150’ 2544 gal 6360 gal 5510 gal 13777 gal
200’ 4521 gal 11304 gal 9043 gal 24492 gal

Foam Handline w 125 GPM nozzle / eductor & 1-3% AR-AFFF

Foam Handline Operation

  1. Place pickup tube into foam container & start water
  2. THEN—the foam nozzle must be opened fully
  3. When opening nozzle—foam will flow immediately
  4. ECC must monitor go-gauge so needle remains green
  5. Needle in the red—is a flow problem
  6. Operating uphill—has minimal effect on foam production—but could cause needle to approach red

Foam Cannon From Satellite Monitor

–6” hose

–Or two 3 ½” lines direct to satellite or from manifold

Tower Ladder Foam Operation

(500 gpm nozzle screws onto stang without tools / fittings)

(If a hydrant then use 4 ½” back-flow prevention valve)

(Supply pressure must be 50 psi over hydrant pressure)

(Note—6” or two 3 ½”s can go directly to tower ladder)

–Use relay pumper if a long stretch

–Both FIMM pumper & relay pumper should be in volume

–Relay pumper needs 80 psi intake to supply 250 psi to tower ladder

After foam established, tower ladder nozzle moved into position

Haz Mat Incidents—Emergency Response Plan

10-80 Signal

No Code—can be controlled by responding units

–Small quantity release

–Identity of material known

–Firefighter PPE is adequate

–No special equipment needed

Code 1—Need special resources—HM Battalion, HM 1, HMTU

Initial Concerns

  1. Initial Report to dispatcher—10-80, Nature of incident

Preliminary hazard area, Staging area

  1. Establish Command Post

  2. Establish Staging Area

  3. Establish Zones w access points:


Hot Zone—Red barrier tape, use readings to help identify

Warm Zone—Yellow barrier tape, All Decon takes place here

Cold Zone—Command Post, Staging Area

  1. Isolate Scene—use barriers—tape, cones, rigs, police…..

  2. Life Hazard—consider evacuation versus sheltering in place

First Ladder—Hazard Assessment

(2 teams—Hazard Identification & Information Resources)

Second Ladder—Site Access Control

(2 teams—Information Resources & Initial Exclusion Zone)

First Engine—Water supply

Second Engine—Site access control

Third Engine—CFR-D duties

Must closely evaluate these areas before any commitment:

Confined spaces / Large containers / Vapor clouds

Gas generation / Extremely hazardous substances

Victim Rescue considerations:

  • Responsive, Conscious, Able-bodied,
  • Visible, Can they be heard,
  • Is material leaking, pooling, vaporizing?
  • Is the area open or a confined space?
  • Can the atmosphere around the victim be changed?

Evacuate or shelter in place:

  1. Is there enough time, enough manpower
  2. Type of population—ambulatory, etc.
  3. Ability to communicate
  4. Haz-Mat characteristics and ability to control

Areas requiring immediate attention:

  • Locations that will be rapidly involved
  • Locations with high occupancy, disabled
  • Areas that control—flow of cars / pedestrians into the hazard area–subway stations, elevators….


  • Guidebook to identify—use four-digit id # or shipping name
  • Container integrity, size and shape, leak severity
  • NFPA number / Shipping papers / Placards / Labels
  • Info from driver, personnel, CIDS, building signs

May need to call:

EMS, NYPD, DOT, DOH, DEP, Utility, Sanitation, Haz-Mat Tech Unit, HAZ MAT 1, Decon Task Force, Haz-Tac ambulance, extra chiefs, Haz-Mat battalion

Spill control options and Incident termination:

  1. Gas—blanket, ventilation, disperse, dissolution
  2. Liquid—dike, divert, dilute, absorption, blanket
  3. Leak control—remote shutoff, tighten cap, seal, patch, plug, overpack
  4. Fire—extinguish, controlled burn, protect exposures withdraw
  • Container upright / removal, Product transfer, Cleanup, VO, Summons. ## Lithium Ion Battery Fires


  • Special call Haz-Mat and Haz-Mat Tech Unit to any fire or incident involving a lithium-ion battery or mobility device suspected of being powered by lithium-ion battery.

  • Knock down fires with handline and use copious amounts of water on battery. Water application to continue until no more flame, gas or smoke being released from battery or mobility device.

  • -Li-Ion Batteries or mobility device involved in fire, MUST be removed from area of operations before overhaul begins.

  • If possible conduct search for search for stray battery cells prior to overhaul. Members to use non conductive tool to move batteries.

  • Remove batteries or mobility device to (while awaiting Haz-Mat or Haz-Mat Tech Unit):

    • Bathtub in fire apartment, all cells fully submerged in water.

    • Sink large enough all cells can be fully submerged.

    • Garbage pail or bucket large enough to fully submerge all cells.

    • Lastly they can be removed via fire apartment window. If this is not practical they may be moved to different location on the fire floor and protected by a charged hoseline until Haz-Mat Tech Unit mitigates.

      • Charged hoseline remains ready until Haz-Mat units have completed over packing and mitigation procedures.
  • Watch line for overpacked batteries awaiting removal at incident command discretion with guidance from Haz-Mat units. Consider occupancy, pedestrian access, ETA of DSNY, high profile location vs. unit availability.

    • Haz-Mat makes notification for pickup. If incident command and Haz-Mat battalion determine drum should not be left unattended (hi profile area, school) FDNY can request emergency pickup. Incident command MUST have an engine company remain on scene waiting DSNY.
      • Request ETA.
  • Li-Ion batteries or mobility device shall NOT be moved by elevator or stairs unless overpacked by Haz-Mat Tech Unit and incident command ok.

  • If Li-Ion Battery or mobility device fire involves 10-45 (any code) notify members of need for scene preservation prior to fire marshal arrival.

Hi Rise Operations

Fire Safety Director and Fireman Service Elevators

Truck and Engine Initial Operations

Second Hoseline Options

  1. Protect search
  2. Protect 1st line or reinforce 1st line
  3. Protect against wrap around

Attack Options

  1. Mass attack: two or three lines from one stair,
  2. Double flank from two different stairs,
  3. Defensive from partitions that divide floors

All chiefs take cell phones


Fire Sector

Forward Staging Area

SAE Group

EMS Forward Triage Area

The forward triage area is below FD staging with appropriate number of EMTs, paramedics & supervisors.

Hi Rise Roof Chief


Cross Band Repeater: First Arriving Battalion Chief

  1. Notify dispatcher of repeater activation
  2. Park across street from operation
  3. Depress “power on” button
  4. Depress “yellow VRS” button
    • check digital readout—“self check”
    • digital readout will alternate between “VRS both” & “Channel 2”
    • small triangle on digital readout indicates repeater is on
  5. Remove VHF-HT & Post Radio
    • both should be on channel 2
  6. Turn on VHF-HT and turn on post radio
  7. Give “test, test” via VHF-HT to post radio
    • red light on repeater should go on
  8. Give return test via post radio to VHF-HT
    • VHF-HT will emit short double tone when VHF-HT transmission is complete
  9. Lobby transmissions are given via VHF-HT
    • this goes through car repeater to reach
    • Post radios on command channel 2
  10. Emergency Steering
    • Lobby can transmit on another channel (ex-ch. 1)
    • Repeater will remain on new channel until it is steered to another channel

Post Radio At A Repeater Operation

First battalion chief at repeater operation:

  1. Bring post radio into lobby—channel 2
  2. Give post radio to second engine officer
  3. Second engine takes post radio to floor below and establishes contact with lobby.
  4. Use VHF-HT to call post radio

Second battalion chief at repeater operation

  1. Bring and leave his post radio in lobby
  2. Get post radio from second engine on floor below and establish operations post
  3. Announce “operations post established at floor near stair”
  4. Contact lobby on post radio channel 2
  5. Operations post battalion chief operates on tactical
  6. Aide is on command channel 2 on post radio

Only 1 repeater operation citywide

Hospital Fires

Type of care provided in the fire area:

ICU, CCU, isolation, psychiatric, neonatal, special, hazards, MRI, labs, radiation, infectious waste, oxygen, chemical, storage, other

Inspector General Notification

Examples of allegations requiring Inspector General:

BITS Immediate Notification By Telephone

BITS Written

Write to BITS for instances of misconduct, arrest follow up, charges, incompetence.

Incident Command—“CIMS”

FDNY Single Command

FDNY is primary agency at:

NYPD Single Command

NYPD is primary agency at:

Unified Command

FDNY Core Competencies

Search & rescue Structural evacuation

Arson investigation Life safety & Mass Decon at CBRN / Haz-Mat

Liquefied Petroleum Gas


Tank truck incidents– approach from sides

Non operating members— 500’ from sides, 1,000’ from front / rear

Disperse vapors with nozzle low, aimed upward

  1. Use water spray across vapor path

  2. Heavy streams from a distance

–Protect firefighter shutting valve under heavy fog

–Large quantities of water on exposed tank areas as well as piping and valves.

–If escaping gas is on fire, and flow cannot be shut off, application of large quantities of water on the tank and piping will permit controlled burning. Make certain fire NOT extinguished.

–Withdraw units if increase in volume of fire, a rise in noise level, bubble or blister on tank shell

–PD evacuation & zones , rescue / Haz-Mat for expertise

Propane Fueled Vehicles

–Shut gas flow by shutdown of engine & close liquefied petroleum gas supply valve

-Propane has 1075 placard number.

-If tank area involved-locate relief valve discharge and stay clear.

Liquefied Petroleum Gas / Compressed Gas Confiscation

–Illegal storage of liquefied petroleum gas / compressed gas–full or empty, inside or outside –Adm. Company & Adm battalion to scene, if available, otherwise they are notified for awareness –Adm. deputy notified of all particulars –Disconnect or removal decision based on time, cylinder size/ condition, presence of responsible person –Preferred means is responsible vendor or person with C of F

Movement of liquefied petroleum gas containers within building by vendors:

–Transport plugs must be installed on outlet valve connections –All movement under personal supervision of C of F –If container of more than 20 lbs must be moved to another floor— this shall be done only by freight elevator, construction elevator, or passenger elevator when approved –These elevators are only to be occupied by those engaged in moving –Containers 20 lbs or less may be moved in elevators as above or in building stairwells if such stairs are unoccupied

At all times inside or outside of buildings:

If Vendor or C of F is unavailable or an emergency condition exists (leaking or damaged cylinder)—FDNY personnel can be used

Determine responsible vendor by cylinder markings or by asking and have them respond—–insure their vehicle has a permit

Notify dispatcher via department radio regarding the:

–Number of cylinders to remove,

–Type of cylinder (liquefied petroleum gas or compressed gas)

–Size of cylinders

–Whether cylinders are full or empty, if this can be determined

Haz-Mat Ops logistics vehicle–Removes cylinders If vendor Is unidentified or does not come—-the only approved FDNY vehicle

Offload options for the incident command

  1. Engine escort of fire marshal vehicle

  2. Engine & Haz-Mat escort fire marshal vehicle

  3. Engine special call to meet fire marshal vehicle at BOT

  4. Two FMD personnel-assigned to the fire marshal vehicle

Particulars—on fire / emergency report—copy to FPOSU

Cylinder removal by the vendor

In all cases for company records

Cylinder removal by Haz-Mat logistics vehicle:

Liquefied Petroleum Gas Rules

It is unlawful for LPG to be:

  1. Stored / used below grade (except as authorized by Fire Comm—exceptions–manholes, single 16.4 oz container may be used for emergency repairs below grade if not left unattended)
  2. Stored / used in container > 100 lbs.
  3. Stored / used in stationary installation not approved by FDNY
  4. Stored in indoor or outdoor facility not approved by FDNY
  5. Stored / used without permit when total capacity exceeds 400 standard cubic feet which is the equivalent of:

::: huh ::: 54—14.1 oz containers 46—16.4 oz containers

3—-20 lb container 2—-33 ½ lb containers

2—-40 lb containers 1—-100 lb container ::: huh :::

All of these amounts require a permit

Generally, it shall be unlawful to:

Special Rules / Exceptions Exist For:

  1. Construction sites
  2. Tar kettle / torch operations
  3. Curing & drying
  4. Emergency indoor repairs
  5. Manhole operations
  6. Motor vehicles
  7. Mobile cooking
  8. Commercial establishments
  9. Moored vessels
  10. Outdoor events—fairs, bazaars, ….

Special Rule for R-3 occupancies (Private Dwellings):

Outdoor barbecues designed to use liquefied petroleum gas from portable containers shall:

  1. Have not more than 2 containers—20 pounds maximum capacity

  2. On balconies of R-3 occupancies—maximum of 2 containers, each with a 16.4 oz maximum capacity

All barbecues—liquefied petroleum gas, charcoal, electricity and piped natural gas shall:

  1. Total grate area not exceeding 10 square feet
  2. Not installed or operated within 10 feet of any combustible waste, material—including combustible building surfaces, balconies, decks
  3. Garden type hose attached to water supply or portable fire extinguisher with 4-A rating

Outdoor Events (Bazaars, Fairs…)

Outdoor Storage Guidelines

Indoor Storage of Containers > 16.4 Oz

Storage For Sale in Buildigg Accessible To Public

Storage Building Not Accessible To Public

Manholes / Transformers

If necessary to shut power at main at manhole fire that started in street:

  1. Must have linesman gloves (rescue / squad carry them)
  2. Must attach rope or similar piece of equipment to the switch to be operated remotely without member in front or near the panel

If a chief officer or ABC decides based on sizeup to place water into a manhole / service box / or vault before Con Ed arrives:

  1. Most effective if cover is vented type or already removed
  2. Maintain 25-foot distance from nozzle to manhole
  3. Use fog nozzle
  4. Identify + clear adjoining manholes / service boxes
  5. Place water directly onto burning cables—which are hung on walls
  6. May have to reposition stream to hit cables at different angles
  7. Monitor exposure for CO readings and flammability readings
  8. This may push smoke + CO into exposures

Transformers In Street Or Sidewalks

  1. Cable wire fires are most common—follow manhole procedures
  2. Rubbish fire—use Class C extinguisher or water from safe distance
  3. Sustained Arcing—persistent bluish arcing flash or hissing, buzzing, crackling noises—if this occurs on a transformer—can result in catastrophic failure—there are no actions to prevent this
  4. Transformer fire—presents with extremely heavy fire—usually flames burning 10’ or more in the air—the combustible oil is burning
  5. Some transformers still have PCBs—Use PPE + SCBA
  6. Water applied to true transformer fire may cause a boilover

Transformer Fire Tactics—Before Utility Arrives

  1. Transmit 10-86 (gets Purple K + foam)
  2. Operate Purple K on transformer with 10 foot standoff—This is the ONLY agent to use prior to Utility arrival
  3. Use water on exposures as needed
  4. Treat as a Haz-Mat incident (PCBs)

Transformer Fire Tactics—After Utility Arrives

  1. Use the following tactics—ALL with 25-foot standoff and 30-degree or greater fog stream or stream operated into the air to rain down
  2. Order of Preference is:
    1. Application of F-500 (carried by HM 1)
    2. Foam
    3. Water Spray

For manholes or transformers: if there is activity in 3 or more manholes or odor of gas, request gas utility plus electric utility

Media / Noteworthy Situations

Public information officer (PIO) is department liasion with media

Newsworthy situation- notify dispatcher to call PIO

Call PIO or legal for guidance or legal counsel regarding whether statements are appropriate

Notify affected battalion, division, borough & operations

Who can talk to media:

  1. Incident command in charge at scene is designated to talk to media until arrival of PIO or designee
  2. Member designated by PIO or fire commissioner
  3. PIO is principal person to talk to media

Members are prohibited from discussing:

  1. Non final department policies
  2. Investigations
  3. Legal proceedings
  4. Security precautions
  5. Medical information of others—including patient identity, status, address, telephone #

After leaving the scene– interview requests should be referred to office of deputy commissioner for public info (PIO)

Do not say “no comment”; better to say “under investigation or call PIO”

Picture taking at scene okay if there is no danger and no interference with operations

Medical Procedures–Ill and Injured Members

Member to hospital for treatment

  1. Incident command notify Medical Officer on Emergency duty
  2. Incident command notify Help team
  3. Incident command to have battalion chief respond to hospital if member
    1. Incapacitated
    2. More than minor injury
    3. Burns requiring a burn center
  4. Battalion chief to hospital shall:
    1. Ensure appropriate medical procedures
    2. Notify FDOC at 718 999-7900 with info asap
    3. Updates to FDOC until Medical Officer assumes resp.
    4. Remain until active/ ongoing care
    5. Secure all clothing & protective equipment if a serious / life threatening injury
  5. Notify M.O. on Emer Duty when firefighter has minor injury, no-time lost injury or time lost injury
  6. Battalion chief can grant up to 2 hours R & R

Deputy chief can grant up to 3 hours R & R

Serious Or Life Threatening Injury To Members

Missing / Lost / Distressed Member Procedures

Take control of the radios—stop all non-essential traffic

Confirm the report–identify yourself, repeat message

Have the FAST Unit check the EFAS or FAST radio for ID

Conduct roll call if unable to determine identity of member

Gather info:

Last location or reference point

Unit working that tour, name, assignment

Inquire on tactical channel if anyone knows location of member–positive responses only

If contact made with affected member—have them:

  1. Activate their HT emergency alert button (5 watts + beacon - hold 1 second to turn on, 2 seconds to turn off)
  2. Describe where they entered, sounds they hear, visible clues Their physical condition & air supply
  3. Activate their PASS alarm and keep remote mic close
  4. If member reaches area of refuge—stay where they are

FAST –assign specific units to search–under a chief officer

If necessary transmit a 10-66 Signal which will provide:

Consider need for additional resources or tactics like:

  1. Team search with a search rope
  2. Thermal imaging camera
  3. SCBA Pak-Tracker
  4. Breaching walls, floor or roof—6 sided approach
  5. Emergency alert tone or feedback assisted rescue,
  6. Round the clock—calling and listening
  7. Handlines, lighting, ventilation
  8. Roll calls by sector supervisors–start in most severe location
  9. Electronic riding lists
  10. Staging area with a staging officer
  11. 10-60 + 10-66 brings second deputy chief—who will be FAST branch director

If member is located—consider the following:

  1. Confirm identity—Is this is the member we were looking for
  2. Rescue paramedic begin treatment if firefighter can’t be moved to safe spot
  3. If unconscious—announce location to FAST Group Supervisor.
  4. Identify problems—fire, air status, injuries, location,

Resources needed—FAST-Pak, rescue paramedics,

  1. Identity–check helmet front piece, name on rear of turnout coat

Key affected HT mic or activate EAB (hold 1 sec on, 2 sec off) to display on EFAS or FAST Radio

Check engraved ID on side of HT, SCBA PRA

  1. After ID, conduct roll call of affected unit, in an uncontaminated area to insure positive ID prior to cancelling the mayday
  2. Notify all units and dispatcher if mayday is resolved (member in safe area) # Natural Gas ## Major Gas Emergency ### Overview

–Respond to rendezvous site for Con Ed generating plant

–Determine location / extent from white hat

–Treat all incidents involving transformers or capacitors as PCB until proven otherwise

–PCB incident is 10-80–transmit code 1

Staging area should be established for:

  1. Relief
  2. Masks / Cylinders
  3. Firefighter equipment
  4. Medical supply

Use water for structural members

PCB fluid–trade names most often found in NYC-

Askarel, Aroclor, Pyranol, Inerteen, Diaclor

Saf-t-kul, Asbestol, Sanotherm, Chlorinol

Decontamination only if 50 ppm or higher

Metro North New Haven Line—M2 cars w PCB transformers

  1. They have orange stripes on each side
  2. They come as paired cars with only the first car (the A car) having a pantograph on top
  3. Both cars (A car & B car) have PCB transformer

Pipeline Operations

While responding to the 9000 Box:

Battalion chief to rendezvous point until leak located:

Confirmed leak:

  1. Inform dispatcher—which valve they are responding to
  2. Inform dispatcher of 10-84 at valves
  3. Inform dispatcher when valve is closed
  4. Inform dispatcher, when patrol is complete

Most are 42 full turns to close (24 at LIC shippers lines)

Some valves have different numbers to close

Property Found, Lost, or Stolen

  1. Articles of value found

Give to owner, authorized representative, or PD —-get a receipt

  1. Private property: lost, missing stolen

Immediate search of premises from which missing

If not found—and—alleged to be on scene before FDNY arrive—BF-26 to be filled out by incident command( must be a battalion chief or deputy chief)

No further questions or witness interview beyond BF-26

Notify IG—of allegations that FDNY took

Notify IG and FM—-for all 10-41 codes

Tell complainant to call PD if neither of above

Battalion chief in-battalion response For BF-24—does BF-26— if FDNY left scene

  1. Loss of department property at operations

Battalion chief must investigate loss—(if other than an operation-then investigation done by admin battalion chief / deputy chief)

Battalion chief to inform deputy chief on scene of results

Notify deputy chief by phone–(deputy chief assigned to box) if no deputy chief on scene

If deemed stolen—notify:

PD —for civilian suspects (or) IG — for department suspects

OOD–FS-112 / indicate Inv. battalion chief / PD report # if PD notified

  1. Captain–indicate if immediate replacement required

  2. Endorsed by Inv. battalion chief / sent to deputy chief notified of loss

  3. Division commander reviews FS-112, inv. if necessary, indicate

who responsible, discipline necessary, copy to admin battalion

after endorsing-fax copy to issuing unit (MSU, TSD,… )

  1. Temporary replacement made as nec (mask, ht..)

  2. Theft from quarters

A. Illegal entry–notify PD, fire marshal if a 10-92, BP-153

B. No illegal entry & department employee a suspect—call IG, send report

  1. Member’s personal property lost / damaged

Firefighter submits BP-13-within 30 days loss or return to full or light duty

All officers on duty at time to endorse (OOD, BC, DC)

Forward damaged property to safety & inspection command

Radio 10 - Codes

10-1 Call quarters

10-2 Return to quarters

10-3 Call dispatcher

10-4 Acknowledgement

10-5 Repeat message

10-6 Standby

10-7 Verify address

10-8 Available on air

10-9 Off The Air

10-10 Location of unit

10-11 Radio test

10-12 Preliminary report

10-14 4 Firefighter Engine (structural response)

10-18 1 engine and 1 ladder

10-19 1 engine or 1 ladder

10-20 Proceed at reduced speed

10-21 Brush

10-22 Rubbish

10-23 ADV

10-24 Auto fire

10-25 Manhole/Transformer

10-26 Food on stove

10-27 Compactor / incinerator

10-28 Subway or Railroad * Code 1 - Structural * Code 2 - Non Structural * Code 3 - Non Medical Emergency

10-29 Elevator emergency * Code 1 - Occupied * Code 2 - Unoccupied

10-31 Assist civilian

10-32 Oil burner

10-33 Odor condition * Code 1 - Smoke * Code 2 - Other Odor

10-34 Sprinkler Emergency * Code 1 - Defective * Code 2 - Unwarranted * Code 3 - Heat source not from accidental fire

10-35 Automatic Alarm * No Code - Unwarranted * Code 1 - Testing/Servicing * Code 2 - Construction * Code 3 - Household Activity * Code 4 - Other Known Cause

10-36 Auto accident * Code 1 - Washdown * Code 2 - Accident * Code 3 - Injuries * Code 4 - Extrication

10-37 - Medical Non Fire Related * Code 1 - Deceased * Code 2 - Serious/Not Breathing * Code 3 - Non Serious * Code 4 - No Patient Contact

10-38 Carbon Monoxide
* Code 1 - Investigation * Code 2 - Incident (1-9 ppm Detector activated) * Code 3 - Emergency (> 9 ppm or Symptoms Detector activated) * Code 4 - No Detector Activation: CO Incident or Emergency

10-39 FD standing by at interagency incident

10-40 Utility Emergency * Code 1 - Gas * Code 2 - Electric * Code 3 - Water * Code 4 - Steam

10-41 Suspicious Fire * Code 1 - Occupied Structure * Code 2 - Unoccupied Structure * Code 3 - Unoccupied Vehicle * Code 4 - Vacant Structure or Structure not intended for dwelling.

10-42 Downed Tree Incident

10-43 Any non-fire-related rescue

10-44 Ambulance Request

10-45 Civilian DOA or serious injury (fire related) * Code 1 - Deceased (Black Tag) * Code 2 - Life Threatening (Red Tag) * Code 3 - Non Life Threatening (Orange/Yellow Tag) * Code 4 - Non Serious (Green Tag)

10-46 Maritime Incident * Code 1 - Fire * Code 2 - Emergency

10-47 Police Response (Non Emergency)

10-48 Police Response for harassment (Emergency)

10-51 Suspension of outside activities

10-60 Major Emergency Incident e.g. collapse of a private dwelling, derailment of a subway car. * Code 1 - Major Emergency Response – Enhanced 2nd Alarm Large Scale Major Emergency Response - Additional Technical Rescue Resources Required

10-66 Missing, lost, trapped, seriously injured member and additional resources are required.

10-70 Water supply is required (no positive water)

10-75 Fire or Emergency

10-76 Fire in a Hi Rise Building

10-76/2nd Alarm Fire in a Hi Rise Building

10-77 Fire in a Hi Rise Multiple Dwelling

10-80 Haz Mat incident

10-84 First Unit to Arrive

10-85 Fire Marshal needs PD

10-86 AR Foam Operation

10-87 Hi Ex Foam Operation

10-91 Medical Emergency–no FD required.

10-92 Malicious False Alarm

10-99 Unit Operating 30 Minutes or More.

Radiological Operations


Shipping Container Indications:

Incident location—transportation accidents, ship fires,

Medical facilities, colleges, explosions

Radioactive incident:

  1. Meter readings above normal background—(.02 mR–.05 mR)
  2. Radiation from a legitimate source
  3. Source has not been released from its container

Radioactive source that is out of its container


Radiological meter readings above what is expected for a specific location

Initial Actions:

  1. Confirm readings with second meter
  2. Determine location of radioactive source
  3. Verify situation involves a legitimate source
  4. Transmit 10-80 with appropriate code
  5. Don dosimeters
  6. Determine the level of radiation using meters
  1. Determine the life hazard?

Injured Trapped Exposed Contaminated

  1. Other hazards present OR are secondary devices of concern

Other actions

  1. Establish hot zone with hotline (using red tape) at 2 mR / hr

No members in hot zone except for lifesaving

  1. Establish command post / operations in cold zone—less than 2 mR / hr

  2. Protect exposures—shut air intakes

  3. Evacuate civilians from exposures if dose inside building will reach:

    1. 5 Rem for the general population
    2. 10 Rem for special groups—hospital, prison….

Evacuation is a consideration if time permits

  1. Consider sheltering in place–if building materials are substantial
  2. Establish decon and implement dry decon measures to expedite transfer of patients to EMS
  3. Emergency medical care—address life threatening injuries before performing decon on injured civilians
    1. Rotate members—radiation dose is directly proportional to time

Ensure members wear dosimeters and rotate when dose reaches:

5 Rem for general duties or until SCBA tank is expended

10 Rem for property protection

25 Rem for saving life

50 Rem for catastrophic event

Safety battalion should monitor and record dosages

Operations chief should be notified for each 5 Rem dose

  1. Distance—e.g.—hot zone
  1. Shielding—wear appropriate PPE, especially respiratory

then consider APR, PAPR or N95

determine the size of the hot zone

(Maximum–10 Rem dose for firefighting, 25/50 Rem for life)


.10 mR / hr (50-200 cpm if using a ludlum)

Dry decon:

  1. Remove clothing OR

  2. Brush or use tape to remove contamination from clothing

  3. Followed by limited washing of face, hair, hands, feet

patients severely contaminated—but no symptoms

Fast track decon—if large number of people:

  1. Quickly screening victims with ludlum

  2. If meter reads 0.1 mR / hr or less—send to EMS

  3. Decon if meter reads greater than 0.1 mR / hr (50-200 CPM)

Resources Unit Leader

  1. Apparatus—MDI + 1 (summary), gives all resp. units

  2. HW computer—boro status report–ADM, 10-4, send

  1. Identify

    • Chiefs responding (battalions & divisions)

    • Units responding- use MDT

    • FAST truck

    • Select command channel

    • Determine is FCU responding

  2. On arrival - place vest on and report to incident command

  3. Significant radio channels

Channel Name Wattage



9 Encrypted Tactical 5

10 Encrypted Command 5

13 TAC-U 5

14 SUBWAY 1 5

15 SUBWAY 2 5



Resources Unit Leader Duties

Report to incident command with vest on—stationed at command board

When calling units–refer to yourself as the resources unit

“Resources unit to battalion 2”

Command channel needed:

  1. Tactical chiefs on tactical, aides on command

(Operations—fire building, exposure, SAE chief, attack chief, safety)

  1. Other chiefs (command, staging..) on command

and their aides on tactical

  1. Resources unit chief on tactical and aide on command
  2. Insure all chiefs notified and aides stay with chiefs

Monitor the Tactical Frequency

  1. Insure proper relay of messages

  2. Insure all maydays / urgents known by incident command

Plot the Command Control Board

  1. Plot all chiefs and units in each sector

call sector chiefs if possible and ask

“What units are you operating with?”

  1. Designate an area for unassigned units

  2. Determine units needed at staging and maintain

watch reserve units–don’t run out–notify incident command

  1. Inform incident command of relief needed by units

Unable to contact unit or member–another unit or member investigate

Consider secondary tactical channel (high rise or large scale ops)?

(If second tactical- need radio from FCU to monitor)

Rehab group—EMS officer, MERV or MRTU, BLS ambulance, RAC unit

(Note: second alarm or greater—exposed members measured for CO)

Battalion Resources Unit Leader


Box Address

Exposure 2 exposure 3 exposure 4

First alarm

Engines Ladder Rescue Battalion

Battalion (10-75)


BN (10-76 or 77)

BN (10-76)


Second alarm

Engines Ladders Battalion (Resources unit)

BN (saftey coordinator)



Third alarm

Engines Ladders Battalion

Fourth alarm

Engines Ladders Battalion

Satellite (E9, E72, E284, E324, E159, E207)(Backups-E24, E97, E330, E291, E152, E210)

High rise unit (E3 / E39) (BACKUPS—E33 / E22)

Command post engines (E5, E8, E40, E55, E202, E221, E239, E312)

Foam tankers - foam tender E238


Safety Officer

Safety officer’s sole duty is safety of members.

While responding:

Duties at scene:

Perform exterior sizeup:

  1. Exterior condition of building
  2. Perimeter of structure for stability
  3. Apparatus placement and setup
  4. Adequate ladders placed (PL, AL, TL)
  5. Location of operating units

Perform interior sizeup—if appropriate:

  1. Structural stability
  2. Condition of members
  3. Use of PPE, hoods, masks

Notify incident command of dangerous conditions:

  1. Need to monitor CO levels
  2. Collapse zone-defined, designated, enforced
  3. Need for reserve units, RAC, EMS

Safety battalion arrives—brief them & report to incident command for release or assignment

Scaffold Incidents

–Unoccupied swinging–occupied stalled–occupied hanging / off-level

Assistance needed

  1. Rescue and squad—high angle equip, rigging, glass removal

  2. Medical (EMS–CFR engine)

  3. PD—crowd and traffic control

  4. Department of buildings—derricks and crane unit

  5. The scaffold company involved

  6. Scaffold mechanic

  7. Building or glassier contractor

–Cordone off area below–use tape / post members / use PD

–Contact an available building rep—gather info to transmittal to incident command, and the responding rescue and squad:

–Scaffold location

–Access to scaffold

–Status—occupied or not, level or off level –victims—number and injuries, communications available –windows—within reach of scaffold, fixed or openable –damage to the building –type of work being done

Occupied stalled—all operations from interior or roof level:

–Locate nearest window

–Secure scaffold with utility ropes or other equipment

–Inspect exterior

Tactics - for hanging workers

–Consider using aerial or tower ladder if within reach

–Worker status—injured, communications—consider lowering a handie talkie

–Is scaffold anchoring secure—first arriving units must check

–Are workers safety lines secure

–If suspect / non-existent, lower LSR or high angle rope to secure them

–If off-level or hanging—should attach LSR hook to his harness

–Is there access to the roof edge due to obstacles

–Send a CFRD engine up as well with their medical equipment

–As long as workers are not injured, remain calm, and are attached to their safety lines—they are in no danger on a stalled level scaffold

–Haul worker thru window / use high angle to raise worker up

–If hauling worker into a window—and they must disconnect their safety line—you must first connect them to LSR or high angle rope

  1. Is the motor overheated from overloaded scaffold

(electric motor–let cool 15 minutes then let worker try reset button)

(Some electric hoists can be lowered when overheated—have the

worker operate the automatic descent button)

  1. Loose electrical connection or tripped breaker

(check electrical connections—don’t restore power without permission)

  1. If wire rope hoist line jammed—never allow workers to use hoist

Glass removal or cutting—performed only by squad or rescue

–Incident command must consult rescue chief and rescue or squad officer

–Consider time—worker stranded and time to cut glass, weather, –Is there access from above, distance up or down, mechanic available

Staging Area Manager


  1. Based on incident size and complexity

  2. Keep separate from RAC area

All responding units to staging area except:

  1. All chiefs–report to incident command

  2. Units assigned via radio by incident command

  3. Rescue, squad, SSL, FAST, CFR on a 10-66

Staging area manager shall:

  1. Verify with dispatcher staging area announced

  2. Verify units responding via MDT

  3. Coordinate resources via communication post

  4. All communications to communication post via

800 MHZ radio or designated radio frequency

  1. Establish battalion vehicle as focal point

Standpipe / Sprinkler Out Of Service

Exception—shut down for scheduled inspection, testing or maintenance and system will be placed back in service prior to the end of business day—Investigation not required unless officer feels warranted

Officer informs either owner / impairment coordinator or instruct dispatcher to notify owner / impairment coordinator to:

  1. Follow the fire code for “planned removal from service”

  2. Provide fire watch as per fire code or evacuate the area

premises configuration, patrol impediments, occupancy nature,

Fire risk or other safety considerations.

EXCEPTION: During the initial 4 hours of a planned service removal or 4 hours after discovery of an unplanned service condition—where the OOS condition does not exceed 50,000 sq feet, the fire watch can be conducted by the impairment coordinator or staff trained / knowledgeable in fire watch.

  1. Notify FDNY when system is restored

Battalion to respond—when the officer feels it is necessary

Exception—battalion chief should be requested if:

  1. Large life hazard
  2. Large property value
  3. Sprinkler head replacement is considered

Determine the extent of unserviceability….. can it be supplied….. Can the defective area be isolated….. Is it serviceable if we shut off the water

NO responsible people on site and access and or notification is an issue

  1. Alarm system activated—and no access
  1. Sprinkler system water flow alarm—and no access
  1. Standpipe system discovered OOS during operation / inspection and no responsible party is present:
  1. OOS fire protection in an OCCUPIED residential occupancy

(other than an R-3) and no responsible persons available:

  1. Dispatcher to notify OEM—request an HPD rep to respond to location. HPD can hire fireguards—for fire watch until resp. party contacted via HPD, the alarm company or fire marshals
  2. If HPD cannot provide assistance—incident command consider need for engine to provide fire watch based on the severity of the life hazard.
  3. Consider a vacate order if option 1 or 2 is not available

Fire alarm or sprinkler OOS in R-3 (Private Dwelling)

Unit officer should:

  1. Issue comply forthwith VO for restoration of fire alarm (FPS-3)

Issue comply forthwith VO for restoration of sprinkler (FPS-3)

  1. Sprinklers in R-3’s must be maintained in perfect working order
  2. Ensure FDNY apparatus will not have access issues to the R-3

2008 fire code requires sprinkler thru-out if less than 38 ft unobstructed width for the access road / public street. (2014 fire code is 34 feet)

  1. Ensure smoke detectors in the R-3 as per the code


Place a disc–on the affected siamese(s) (white or blue)

Tag(s) must be placed by the impairment coordinator or the owner to indicating what is OOS at each FD connection, standpipe & sprinkler control valves, and the fire command center

Serve a summons (15-216 a & b) for failure to notify when found OOS on inspection, complaint, response & not reported previous

Issue forthwith VO (FPS-3) for the restoration of the system

Forward A-8 to BFP, suppression unit, (for an FDNY witnessed test)

  1. If standpipe / sprinkler is OOS
  2. If serviceability is in doubt—rusted or cracked piping,

Issue forthwith VO for fire watch by one or more with C of F for fire guard until system is restored, unless vacate order is more appropriate

Fire watch as per fire code or evacuate the area

EXCEPTION: During initial 4 hours of a planned service removal or

4 hours after discovery of an unplanned service condition—where the condition does not exceed 50,000 sq ft, fire watch can be conducted by the impairment coordinator or staff trained / knowledgeable in fire watch.

Battalion chief’s duties

  1. Order fire guards

  2. Full or partial vacate

  3. Further precautions to insure safety of civilians or members

Ex: recent fire—incident command consider leaving engine for a fire watch

  1. Replacement of sprinkler heads to restore the system

because heads fused due to heat:

or building staff is available and capable

  1. Order repairs be made during non-business hours if they are extensive

and require the shutting down of large portions of the system

  1. Inform the deputy chief of conditions found and actions taken

Consultation, if necessary with BISP hotline (718) 281-3877:

  1. Brooklyn / SI–Suppression Unit (Spr / Spr) 999-2500

  2. Bronx / Queens–Suppression Unit (Spr / Spr) 999-2497

  3. Manhattan–Suppression Unit (Spr / Spr) 999-2518

  4. BFP Fire Alarm Unit 718 999-2468, 2469

  5. BISP Unit 718 281-3877


  1. All 1st alarm units by phone—including the admin battalion

  2. Admin battalion informs division chief of conditions found / actions taken

  3. A-500 to division commander ONLY if:

A. System will be out of service for more than a business day AND

B. Occupancy is commercial or residential with large life hazard

  1. FPCU 1–to BFP/FPCU for commercial occupancies IF the system

will be out of service for more than a business day

Steam Main Rupture

  1. Asbestos concerns—use SCBA

  2. Street collapse or explosion—hurling debris, hot water slugs

  3. Utilities—electric arcing, gas leaks, water mains damaged

  4. Obscured vision, manhole covers

  5. People trapped in vehicles, buildings, subways


areas with windows blown out, areas with air intakes open

Steam Main Rupture in Generating Plant

Steam Main Rupture in a Building

Firefighters may shut INSIDE labeled service valve if Con Ed delayed

Firefighters should NOT shut the underground outside valve

Subway Operations

Is power off required–always via dispatcher

specify each power source -& affected tracks

  1. “All train movement stopped on track #”
  2. “third rail (DC power) on track #”
  3. “Catenary (AC power) on track #”
  4. “Hotel standby power on track #”

If more power needed off, wait for confirmation of 1st request, before asking for more tracks

Track identification signs—on ends of platform indicate:

  1. Station name, track #’s, track direction-north bound, south bound
  2. Emergency exit locations—direction, distance
  3. If no emergency exit—then the next station is listed

Notify dispatcher if TA supervisor needed & advise dispatcher of exact location of command post

No one on tracks until power off (except immediate life)

Consider the need for search rope(s)

Hook up & stretch when fire / best access located

Green globe-24 hour station, red -not 24 hours

Engines to use FT-2

Need members posted in pairs at both ends of the operation, more observers if near a tunnel entrance / exit

Alternate area of refuge assured

Wooden slippers to for contact shoes if under cars


  1. Cell phone or outside phone—718 243-4111, 4211, 4311, 4377

  2. 1st LCC using phone at the token booth

IRT–4111 IND–4211 IRT-4311

areas outside 718, you may have to dial b or bb before

the 4 digit #. (use 4377 - if all other lines are busy)

  1. All of these lines, you can be forwarded to the right #


  1. Remove handset—depress button—keep depressed
  2. Dial 4 digit # listed on door cover (if busy—release button and redepress to dial alternate #–(IRT—4111, IND—4211, BMT—4311)


  1. Truck officer—obtain token booth phone # and call token booth using last 4 digits—if same exchange
  2. Different exchange—need access code plus last 4 digits

Exchange 714 243 927 694 544 430 334 424

Dial access # 21 22 26 27 62 63 65 67

  1. LCC—should relay to battalion chief—7 digit blue light phone #
  2. Battalion chief—can use cell phone to call blue light phone


  1. Street siamese
  2. Standpipe outlet on platform–(emergency exit key opens)
  3. Sound powered phone outlets–in street & near stp. Outlet (need handsets & 1620 key to open metal box)


Evacuate away from operating exhaust fans

  1. Best option thru train at station

  2. Consider transfer to 2nd train-consult TA

  3. Last resort—benchwall / roadbed based on smoke


Minor smoke, 1 or 2 cans

Must have communication link- train operator’s radio

Not past next station unless chief okays

Progress report every 15 minutes

Sufficient personnel standing by

Apparatus stays at location unless chief directs


–Must ask dispatcher if operations at other end

–If yes–must establish which borough will control command post to be setup at one end auxiliary command post at other end

–Consider operating on 1 borough frequency for both ends


Activation options

  1. Fans at 1 end only —-in supply or exhaust

  2. Fans at both ends —-1 in supply, 1 in exhaust

Under river tubes (tunnels)

  1. Fans at both ends (exc.-135-149st- broadway IRT)

  2. Fans are reversible

  3. Evacuate -under-river tubes away from fans in exhaust

Under River Rail Operations

Defensive position—while performing thorough size up

Minimum personnel with maximum supervision

Establish command post that provides:

Special call to stage at stations and emergency exits


Power Removal If:

deactivated by routine power off requests


Direction—may have to withdraw members from that side

Passengers—victim removal—priority order

  1. Ambulatory:
  1. Non-ambulatory (red tag first, then yellow)
  1. Disentaglement / extrication (red tag first, then yellow)
  2. Black tag

Utility Company Phone Numbers

Vacate Orders

Imminent Peril Must Exist

  1. Dangerous fire breeding conditions
  2. Grave hazards affecting structural stability
  3. Inadequate or illegal egress
  4. Deficient fire suppression
  5. Multiple fire or life hazards

Battalion Chief Duties

  1. Evaluate before calling the deputy
  2. Take pictures of conditions that led to vacate issuance with Battalion digital camera and e-mail them to FPCU@FPCU.FDNY.NYC.GOV
  3. Residential, commercial, or public vacates–notify the deputy

Deputy Chief Duties

Notify borough commander or command chief of conditions found

Residential (Monday-Friday 0800-1700)

Notify FPCU (999-2522/33) or via dispatcher. Type, occupancy,

address, reasons, full or partial vacate, possible # of people vacated

Residential (Monday-Friday 1700-0800, weekend, holiday)

Notify dispatcher (who notifies red cross & HPD) type, occupancy,

address, reasons, full or partial vacate, possible # of people vacated

*deputy chief must ALSO notify FPCU by email at FPCU@FDNY.NYC.GOV

Commercial and Public Occupancies

Deputy chief notifies both FPCU and FDOC by phone or via dispatcher

–FPCU (Monday-Friday, 0800-1700) notify immediately

–FPCU (All other times) notify the next business day residential—if conditions permit, grant up to 6 hours to occupants to

prepare for relocation prior to enforcement time (no time for sleeping)

Give administrative unit a vacate packet—with checklist / sample forms

Ensure correct form used: FP-34—with seal, FP-35—without seal

Note time of service and time of enforcement on the vacate order

Approve correct wording on vacate order describing conditions admin unit remain to assist red cross, HPD..unless CWTC says no

Residential vacates—not normally sealed

Sealing a premises

  1. Commercial or public—should only be sealed if previously vacated and found open and operating, using padlock and chains
  2. Padlock—ID tag attached to both keys with address, date sealed, padlock location, admin unit, officers name—leave keys at admin company until instructions received from FPCU
  3. Residential—If deputy chief feels it must be sealed, then immediately call FPCU to contact department of buildings to arrange sealing or demolish

Day time—public assembly unit (BFP)—can provide assistance

If occupants refuse to leave:

A. Give summons (void summons if arrested by PD later)

B. If summons does not gain compliance deputy chief request via

dispatcher, police to scene to enforce vacate

Deputy chief must remain to confer with PD

If PD arrests:

  1. Police are arresting officer

  2. Deputy chief will designate FDNY member to be complainant

  3. Void the summons

  4. Provide white copy of vacate order to police commander

A new vacate order is required in two situations:

  1. Rescind inspection: The owner requests a rescind, and the unit goes out to inspect the premises and discovers the original conditions requiring the vacate still exist OR new conditions requiring a vacate order exist

  2. Administrative dismissal inspection: after 2 years with no violations of the vacate order, the unit inspects to determine if an administrative dismissal can be performed and finds the original conditions requiring the vacate still exist OR new conditions requiring a vacate order exist

Unit Duties

  1. FP-34 for vacate & seal, FP-35 for vacate (no seal)

Line a name issued to-(owner, occupant, person in charge)

If name cannot be ascertained—write their title (owner, occupant..)

Line B address vacated and portions (floor/occupancy)

(Owners vacate–all portions vacated) (occupant—apt/unit and floor)

Line C “time of service”, “time of enforcement” (use AM or PM)

Line D specific reasons creating imminent peril-use SFO terminology

to causing an imminently perilous condition in violation of FC 1027

protection system) causing an imminently perilous condition in

violation of FC 901.6

violation of FC

Line E inspector name, date and unit

  1. Pink Copy
  1. Post pink owner’s order on entrance to premises

  2. Post pink tenant’s order on entrance to tenant occupancy

  3. Yellow copy—unit’s re-inspection copy

  4. White copy

First white—post at entrance to building if owner served pink

(otherwise place in building folder if pink copy posted as above)

Second white—forward with vacate packet

Third white—give to police commander if police assists

  1. FP-5V vacate warning posters–posted at each entrance of the building

& occupancy—write the date, address, part vacated

  1. Issue summons or NOV

A summons shall be issued to owner or person in charge for each vacate Order for a residential, commercial or public for the violating conditions that led to the vacate

NOV—If the owner or approved person in charge is not present

Issue an NOV instead of a summons and affix it at an appropriate location

Write “VACATE” on top of the NOV, above FPIMS account #

Violation Orders


  1. A-134V (plus other paperwork—A-134C, or A-134P, A-200, A-201…)

  2. Immediately fax all completed vacate forms to FPCU at 999-7108

  3. Place all paperwork (vacate orders, summons NOV, A-200, A-201..)

into vacate packet, forward to division for pickup by BISP Unit


–Issue summons if failure to comply found on surveillance

–72-96 hour follow up

–Weekly surveillance—for 4 weeks

–Monthly surveillance after first 4 weeks, until notified that a disposition

has been reached in either the ECB or criminal court

–After disposition reached, unit will conduct one surveillance inspection

and will forward a V-APP report to discontinue surveillance if either:

  1. The vacate order is being complied with


  1. The condition that caused the vacate no longer exists

(They can be in there, as long as the vacate condition no longer exists—because now its in the hands of the court!


  1. Place of assembly-enclosed room or space designed for

75 or more (or with 75 or more) gathered for group

activities -food, drink, religion, education,…

(also outdoor places with 200 or more)

  1. Cabaret-any room, place or space–where amusement

(such as music, singing or dancing) occurs in conjunction

with eating and drinking—-but does not include:

  1. Premises with less than 75

  2. Premises with 75 or more with incidental entertainment:

entertainment is considered incidental if there is

food or drink, but no dancing & it is a mechanical device,

or not more than 3 persons playing piano, organ,

accordion, guitar, other string instrument,

or not more than 1 singer accompanied by himself or 1 person.

  1. Places leased or hired for a particular event to which the public

is not admitted/invited and is only attended by bonafide members

& their guests- includes:

Hotel ballrooms, Catering places, Churches, Veterans

Masons, K of C, Political group meeting places,

Schools licensed by NY State, Chartered charitable, fraternal,

social, ethnic —meeting facilities.

  1. Illegal Social Club- space designed/arranged or used as

a cabaret & does not comply with cabaret rules

this is to be judged by criteria such as: size of room,

number of tables/chairs, bar setup, stage size, dance

floor size……they may be vacated and sealed prior to use

  1. When a remedy for a hazardous condition can be handled

by a VO–in lieu of a vacate order, issue the VO.

  1. Overcrowding you- issue a summons & a standing VO (e.g-30 days).

Repeated overcrowding-can be basis for vacate


  1. Any place of assembly (not used as a cabaret)

  2. Any place of assembly used as a cabaret

  3. Any illegal social club with less than 75

A. Lack of 2 independent, remote, exits

B. Exits-locked, blocked, obstructed, inaccessible

C. Inadequate exit doors or passageways

D. Considerable rubbish accumulation

E. Flammable/combustible liquid storage

F. Structural defects-consult buildings dept.

G. Overcrowding-check C of O, permits, posted signs

generally allow 10 square feet per person

H. Lack of a certificate of occupancy

I. Lack of required window area-windows (24” x 36”) or

access panels (32” x 48”) are required on street fronts up

to 100 feet other than the 1st story, ground floor, or a

story completely protected by a sprinkler system


  1. Place of Assembly permit

  2. Interior fire alarm with central office connection

  3. Emergency lighting

  4. Fire drill coordinator and/ or fireguards

  5. Auto sprinkler thru-out w central office connection

Water Main Breaks / Flooding From Storms


  1. Con Ed to shut electric

  2. No entry to shut power

  3. Need Dewatering units/ engines w pumps

  4. Fire patrol for commercial bldgs.

  5. Gas leaks, electrical shorts, fires

  6. Foundations undermined, unstable buildings

  7. Need for building evacuation



Preliminary report to dispatcher —-dangers to life, area, depth, construction, occupancy, private property


During height of a storm pumps only used if:

  1. Life in danger- places like hospitals, Nursing Homes…

  2. Serious fire hazard due to rising water near live electrical equip. which cannot be safely shut

  3. Extensive property damage can be averted

  4. Alleviate major safety hazards in the street including–dangerous traffic problems

As storm subsides-Deputy Chiefs in consult with Supv. Disp. can permit dewatering in any occupancy

All dewatering ops–use optimum # of pumps / min # of units

(overall eng/ lad avail.– not below 75%)

In all water / flood emergencies- important that specialized dewatering units are fully employed:

  1. FD dewatering unit & TAC units

  2. Fire patrol for commercial occupancies

  3. OEM resources–e.g. Transit, Con Ed, Coast Guard

Pumps are carried by Dewatering unit, TAC units, selected field units

Water / Ice Rescues

Insure Response

3 Engines, 2 Ladders, Nearest Rescue, Squad,

2 Marine companies, (3 Marine Units if confirmed), SB, RB, EMS

Coast Guard, PD–Land Unit, Police Harbor Unit,


Victim location, Skill level of rescuer


  1. Hose deployed in straight line(few victims) or loop (multiple victims)

  2. Each length of 2 ½ can keep 10 people afloat

CWS-Cold Water Suits, PFD-Personal Flotation Devices, Stretchers


  1. Primary Rescuer—dons CWS—only member to approach victim

  2. Primary Tether—(wear PFD) assist donning, pull rescuer-victim back

Secondary Rescue Team

  1. Secondary Rescuer—dons CWS—tether to second line, stands by

  2. Secondary Tether—(wear PFD) assists donning + second tether line



  1. Rescue Coordinator—Officer, also spotter in 4 FF Eng
  2. Spotter—FF or officer, keeps victim in sight
  3. Primary Rescuer—Dons PFD, fins, equipped w torpedo, first member to approach victim
  4. Secondary Rescuer—Dons PFD, fins, equipped with tether line or tethered surfboard
  5. Tether Firefighter—assists rescuers, feeds / controls tether line, pulls rescuers and victims back to safety

Line Rescue—First Rescuer

Ambulatory victim—First rescuer hands torpedo to victim

Non-ambulatory—grab victim from rear, rest victim’s back on rescuer chest, hold torpedo under victim’s armpits, establish buoyancy

Line Rescue—Second Rescuer

Line Rescue—Tether FF

Surfboard rescue

If NYPD helicopter on-scene

  1. Utilize TAC-U (Zone B Channel 12) to talk directly to helicopter
  2. Ensure members removed from area under helicopter

Telephone List

FDNY Units

BFI (718) 722-3600

BISP (718) 281-3877

Borough Commands (FIRE): - Bronx (718) 430-0210 - Brooklyn (718) 965-0434 - Manhattan (212) 570-1517 - Queens (718) 476-8420 - Staten Island (718) 494-7370

Citywide Tour Commander (718) 999-2100

Citywide Tour Commander (night) (718) 999-0390

Division 1 (212) 570-4317

Division 3 (212) 570-4220

Division 6 (718) 430-0206

Division 7 (718) 430-0207

Division 8 (718) 494-4293

Division 11 (718) 965-8208

Division 13 (718) 476-6283

Division 14 (718) 476-6284

Division 15 (718) 965-8315

FDOC (718) 999-7900

Fire Dispatch : - Bronx Supervisor (718) 430-0236 - Brooklyn Supervisor (718) 965-8265 - Manhattan Supervisor (212) 570-4264 - Queens Supervisor (718) 476-6244 - Staten Island Supervisor (718) 494-4248

Haz-Mat Battalion (212) 360-4485

Haz-Mat 1 (718) 476-6288

Haz-Mat Ops (212) 360-4480

Rescue Battalion (212) 570-9440

U.F.O.A. Office (212) 293-9300 ## Utility Companies - Con Edison Gas - (718) 319-2330 - National Grid (Non Rockaway) - (718) 403-2920 - National Grid (Rockaway) - (631) 861-2851 - National Grid (Gate Station) - (631) 861-2901 - Con Edison Electric Manhattan - (212) 780-3747 - Con Edison Electric Bronx - (914) 925-6199 - Con Edison Electric Staten Island - (718) 390-6490 - Con Edison Electric Brooklyn/Queens - (718) 855-8675 - PSEGLI (Rockaway Electric) (631) 755-6400 ## NYC Agencies ## MISC